Photographs from De long en large Ladakh by Jean Mansion - Édition Findakly. Copyright Lise Mansion


We have the pleasure to receive the tibetologist Françoise Pommaret, for a conference on

Les Textiles du Bhoutan
le 20 Jan 2022 04:00 PM Paris by Zoom.

Résumé de la conférence :

Bhutan has a diversity of textiles unparalleled in the Himalayan world. In terms of techniques, fibers and patterns, it is more similar to Southeast Asia than to the Tibetan culture. In Bhutan, textiles and weaving are at the same time an art of living, a cultural identity marker and a social marker. We explore these multiple facets through an illustrated and commented presentation.

To participate in the Zoom meeting:

Meeting ID: 920 8234 8661

Secret code: 982329

STEINMANN Photo 1ARCH / SEEA evening in January 2022 x

in collaboration with the Society of Euro-Asian Studies (SEEA), we will find

Thursday, January 13, 2022 at 6:30 PM,

in the workshop room 1 in the basement of the Quai Branly - Jacques-Chirac Museum
(free admission)

Brigitte STEINMANN (Professor Emeritus, Social Anthropology, University of Lille)

Exorcism rituals using subterfuge for demons (linga, mdos, scapegoat) in Indo-Tibetan traditions in Nepal: reversing the forces of life (Eros) and death (Thanatos) by exorcising the ancestors


The couple "Eros and Thanatos", whether we want to characterize it by the opposition of life and death, the association of sexual and death drives, or love and carnal pleasure as opposed to cadaverization and putrefaction, continues to cross space and time in Western Europe. We find a counterpoint to this in East Asia, referring first to Indian traditions that depict the phallus of the god Śiva erected above the yoni, or womb of the goddess. This sculptural assemblage is indeed presented in infinite artistic variety, and symbolizes the ideas of creation and destruction, the powers of life and death, combining in a quasi-organic union the organs of the god Śiva and the goddess or primordial force (shakti). We want to show how, in Tibetan tantric dances ('cham) and many of the ritual celebrations related to the cycles of life and death among the Indo-Tibetan populations of Nepal, similar male and female energies are represented and dealt with around the construction and destruction of a liṅgam (Sanskrit term), a male or female anthropomorphic figure, sometimes bisexual, drawn on a paper support or fabricated to embody evil, the personal enemy, or the enemy of the whole religion. Long and complex tantric and exorcistic rituals are played and replayed in Indo-Tibetan ritual theater, through dances, visualizations and ephemeral constructions (of the mdos type), in which the aim is to destroy the 'demon-obstacles' that attack the person, while letting the 'soul' of these demons exhale, a procedure that reinforces the power of the officiant.

Through illustrated analyses of Buddhist funeral and ancestral rituals in Nepal, we show how the treatment of liṅgam, the fabrication of mdos supports, and the use of a scapegoat, invert the Western philosophical relationship between Eros and Thanatos : in the Tibetan Buddhist perspective, everything happens indeed as if pleasure, love, sexuation and death, all concepts embodied throughout Greco-Latin antiquity in distinct allegorical figures, were on the contrary and always fundamentally indistinguishable in the Indo-Tibetan worlds. We want to illustrate how, in the latter, it is from the destruction of an external enemy that liberation and the exit from suffering comes. This destruction, which is also the deliverance of a 'soul'implies an inverted reading of the relationship between Eros and Thanatos, if indeed liberation from the cycle of existences can only occur with the elimination-liberation of a 'bisexual' liṅgam, the making and destruction of mdos representing the ancestors, and the elimination of a scapegoat. Thus is cancelled the separation of being between Eros as infinite tension and desire, and Thanatos as final death or annihilation.

Statue dIndraThe evenings of December 2021

We continue our collaboration A.R.C.H. / Société des Études Euros-Asiatiques, and propose the

Thursday, December 9 at 6:30 pm,
in the cinema room of the musée du quai Branly (in the basement - free access) a conference by

Gérard Toffin
Directeur de Recherche Émérite du CNRS


Iconographie et contexte culturel.

les femmes chamanesThursday, December 16 at 5 p.m.

through the Zoom

Sylvie Lasserre

will present and comment on his book

Avec les femmes chamanes d'Asie Centrale

His intervention will begin with a film.

It will be necessary to connect by going to Zoom:

Meeting ID: 989 4186 4724 - Secret code: 459195


Le ciel et la marmitte

The sky and the pot
With the women shamans of Central Asia

We are on the borders of Uzbekistan, at the height of winter. In the distance, the snowy peaks of the Turkestan mountains. A dry river, which serves as a track. At the edge, a farm, the last one before Tajikistan. There lives Mayram, a renowned shaman, whose life Sylvie Lasserre has shared. A few years later, on the other side of the border, the author befriends Mavlyuda, another renowned shaman.

In this remote region of Central Asia where shamanism has a strong pre-Islamic background, Mayram and Mavlyuda heal women in rituals called ko'ch' during which strange phenomena occur.

Through these rituals that she deciphers, the author shares with us emotions and life stories for an in-depth journey into the fascinating universe of this shamanic ritual. With the passing of the pages, the initial incredulity fades away, while another vision of a world questioning in hollow the faults of our modern societies is revealed.

Born in Morocco, doctor in physics, Sylvie Lasserre left a career as an engineer to start writing, photography and reporting. She has been traveling through Central Asia since 2004. She graduated from the EPHE in social anthropology and is a member of the Asian Society.


BrillBrill’s Encyclopedia of the Religions of the Indigenous People of South Asia Online

Edited by: Marine Carrin (Editor-in-Chief), University of Toulouse Jean Jaurès, and Michel Boivin, Centre for South Asian Studies (CNRS-EHESS), Gérard Toffin, Centre d’Études Himalayennes, Paul Hockings, University of Illinois at Chicago, Raphaël Rousseleau, Université de Lausanne, Tanka Subba, North-Eastern Hill University, Harald Lambs-Tyche, University of de Picardie-Jules Verne (Section Editors)

Brill’s Encyclopedia of the Religions of the Indigenous People of South Asia strives to reflect the diversity of indigenous cultures of South Asia with its many language groups and religious traditions. Shaped by their own mythologies, these tribal religions differ in form and content from Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Islam, Sikhism, and Christianity, though variants of the latter traditions have been adopted by some indigenous people. Religion is taken in a broad sense and includes aspects of morality, symbolism, identity formation, environmental concerns, and art. Far from being simple survivals of an earlier stage, these religions often show remarkable capacity for adaptation and change. The approach is contemporary rather than a reconstruction of an anterior state, though it does not overlook relevant historical processes.

More information:


Les derniers KalashTHE LAST KALASH

A drawn look

Exhibition from October 7 to November 6, 2021

Continuing our cycle

Make way for the youth!

We leave at the disposal of Nicolas Samson-Agnez - Agnez Art Gallery - Galerie Nomade :, our picture rails to present the plates drawn by Hubert Maury illustrating the catalog of the exhibition at the Musée des Confluences in Lyon on this theme.

They will be accompanied by photographs of Hervé Nègre who participated in the expeditions of Jean-Yves Loude and Viviane Lièvre among the Kalash.

Opening on October 22 from 6 pm