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Photographs from De long en large Ladakh by Jean Mansion - Édition Findakly. Copyright Lise Mansion

GRITHConference of the Inter-University Research Group on Tibet and the Himalayas (GRITH)

“Non-Buddhist Ritual Traditions of Tibet: The Case of Enigmatic Leu (le’u)”

Thursday 22 September 2022 at 6 pm (Montreal time)

By Pr. Daniel Berounsky (Charles University, Prague)

Abstract:

Buddhism spread in Tibet at a time close to the emergence of Tibetan script (7th century) and the formation of the Tibetan Empire, and was officially supported by the ruling classes from the 8th century onwards. Nevertheless, we have preserved written non-Buddhist ritual texts dating from the time of the Tibetan Empire (these are mainly texts from Dunhuang and the Gathang Bumpa Stupa).

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The influence of these little-known non-Buddhist rituals, however, is imprinted in contemporary Buddhist rituals across all sects of Tibetan Buddhism. These include rituals of ransom offering (glud), summoning prosperity (g.yang 'gugs), the ubiquitous smoke purification (bsang), etc. Non-Buddhist rituals were firmly linked to the recitation of a myth about the origin of the ritual that gave them meaning. These myths disappeared in Buddhist versions, and the rituals were often simplified and artificially linked to key Buddhist concepts.

This talk will focus on a non-Buddhist ritual tradition from the forested north-eastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau that until recently used the recitation of origin myths. This tradition was known as leu (le'u). It disappeared after the Cultural Revolution in China, but we have preserved hundreds of ritual texts scattered in the households of this area in the Minshan Mountain Range. However, the term leu is familiar to Buddhist texts, and even more so to texts of the monastic Bön tradition from after the 10th century. It appears most often as a designation of specific deities (le'u lha), but secondarily also as a designation of a particular tradition and a name for ritual specialists.

Although the term leu means ‘section,’ ‘chapter in a book’ or ‘part of a ritual’ in Tibetan, there are references in medical texts to the term also referring to ‘foetus.’ I will try to argue that leu deities were spirits associated with fertility who were believed to bring offspring to humans. Although it seems likely that the core of this tradition originated in the eastern part of the Tibetan Plateau, references to leu in Buddhist and monastic Bön texts suggest that their influence was not limited to this geographical area even centuries ago.

Online on zoom: https://concordia-ca.zoom.us/j/86753593047?pwd=YVNQY0Q3ZFdlVXU5bE1adjVENFlkQT09

ID: 867 5359 3047 - Password : 798344

For more information, please visit the website: https://www.grith.fss.ulaval.ca/en

INSTRUMENTS DE MUSIQUESEPTEMBER 2022 EXHIBITION

The gallery Le Toit du Monde is pleased to inform you of the exhibition

INSTRUMENTS DE MUSIQUE

SANTAL ET NEPALAIS

PANNEAUX DE PALANQUINS SANTAL

which will be presented throughout September at 6 rue Visconti - 75006 Paris.

A vernissage will be held on Thursday 1 September 2022 at 6 p.m.

This exhibition is a tribute to François Boulanger and Françoise Bouhière

Most of the pieces on display were from their personal collection. This included a superb set of musical instruments, including 600 sanza acquired by the Cité de la Musique Museum in Paris and the MIM Museum of Musical Instruments in Brussels. The pieces from their collection that we are exhibiting are complemented by pieces from Annick Cical's collection, and are the subject of a catalogue available at the gallery during the exhibition and for download here.

MYTH And COSMOLOGY©Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA)Please find below the programme of the Santal events:

On September 01, 06 and 09, 2022 the film BANAM, MYTH AND COSMOLOGY OF SANTHALS directed by Bappa Ray (42 Min) will be shown at 6pm.

On 05, 07 and 10 September 2022, a series of photographs taken in 1982 in Orissa in the Chandragiri region (François Boulanger collection) will be shown at 6 pm.

Please note that the gallery will close early on 08 September.

We hope you will continue to attend our events.

donnation1DONATION FRANÇOIS PANNIER 2022

 The magazine Beaux Arts Éditions has devoted a special issue to Cannes - Opening to the world.
An article is devoted to the MEM - Musée des Explorations du Monde (ex de la Castre) and to the donation made by François Pannier.
This donation will be the subject of an exhibition in December 2022
accompanied by a catalogue. don1 don2

EXPOSITION SARANGISEPTEMBER 2022 EXHIBITION

For the September reopening we are organizing a tribute exhibition to

François Boulanger et Françoise Bouhière

around their collection of

sarangis Santal et himalayens

accompanied by various other musical instruments and panels of Santal palanquins.

A catalog is published on this occasion.

The opening will take place on September 1st at 6 pm.

Musical evenings, film and photo screenings will accompany this exhibition.

Hoping you will always be faithful to our events.

1 musee de confluencesMAGICAL EXHIBITION AT THE MUSÉE DES CONFLUENCES

The Musée des Confluences in Lyon presents a MAGIC exhibition until March 5th 2023.

It was initially presented in Toulouse.

Enhanced by a magnificent scenography, the exhibits are very varied and give a fascinating vision of a vast subject.

A showcase is dedicated to Himalayan shamanism. It is largely made up of pieces from the François Pannier donation and animated by extracts from videos by Adrien Viel and Aurore Laurent, including the film 3 CHAMANS.

Two other exhibitions are also worth visiting: On the Trail of the Sioux and The Rare Bird. 2 3 4

Chamanes BhoutanROOF OF THE WORLD EVENT / JUNE 2022 ARCH

For our 67th evening, we will be pleased to welcome.

Françoise Pommaret who will present her research on the

Bhutanese Shamanism

Thursday 23 June 2022 at 18:00 Paris

In collaboration with Stéphanie Guyer-Stevens, she published a book

The Divine Messengers

The untold story of the women shamans of Bhutan.

You will be able to connect via Zoom : here - Meeting ID: 830 9666 9856 - Secret code: 689540

We hope that you will continue to attend these evenings.

Culture pour la paix CORRTHE BARBER-MUELLER MUSEUM PRESENTS

A concert and a conversation with the writer Jacques Attali

LA CULTURE POUR LA PAIX
Le 16 juin 2022 de 19 h à 21 h
En la Cathédrale Saint-Pierre de Genève

Program in PDF format

For reservations: https://www.barbier-mueller.ch

All proceeds and donations will be donated to Switzerland for UNHCR.

We hope that you will continue to attend our partner evenings.

Conference Anne VergatiJUNE 2022 ARCH / ROOF OF THE WORLD EVENING

For this 66th meeting, which will take place on Thursday, June 2, 2022

at 6 p.m., at 6 rue Visconti, we will be happy to welcome

ANNE VERGATI
CNRS Honorary Research Director
Newware culture specialist in the Kathmandu Valley.

The theme will be:

Marriage of Newar girls to a god Nepal

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The particularity of Newar society in the Kathmandu Valley is the coexistence of Buddhism and Hinduism for centuries. At the level of the religion of the individual, the Newars define themselves either as Hindus or as Buddhists and employ either a Buddhist priest (vajracarya) or a Brahman.

In Newar society, rites of passage provide social and ethnic identity. Two rites are specific for the Newars of the Kathmandu valley: the marriage of young girls before puberty (ihi) with a God either Vairocana for Buddhists or Vishnu Narayana for Shivaite Hindus. The second ritual is that celebrated by a person as well a man as a woman who reaches the age of seventy-seven years, seven months and seven days, a ritual called bhura jyanko or bhima ratha which ensures the passage of a person from the world of men in the world of the gods.

The evening will be devoted to the description of the wedding ritual (ihi) celebrated by Buddhists in Thimi, a locality located in the east of the valley. The ceremony lasts two days, the morning of the first day is devoted to the installation of the mandala of Vajradhatu and the invitation of the gods who must attend the ceremony. The second part of the first day is marked by taking the measurement of the girl's body with a yellow cord. The marriage with the ritual of the gift of the daughter and the walk around the fire will take place on the second day in the presence of the priest. Only the priest knows the text in Newari and Sanskrit which will be used during the celebration of the ritual. Apart from the priest two other categories, painters and potters play an important role in the unfolding of the ritual. This ritual marriage with a god, before puberty, is followed by a marriage with a human husband, at the age of fifteen.

Hoping you always faithful to these evenings.